Date — 27 April, 2011
The son of a Lutheran minister, Friedrich Nietzsche was born in Röcken, a village in Prussian Saxony. His extraordinary artistic and linguistic gifts had already been noticed at school. During his youth, Nietzche played a great deal of music and composed numerous pieces for the piano. In 1864, he was admitted to Bonn University, where he studied classical philology and evangelical theology.
At the age of 24 he was appointed professor of classical philology at the University of Basel. However, he was prevented from carrying out his teaching duties with increasing frequency by problems with his nerves and eyes combined with the violent migraine attacks that had plagued him since his childhood. After ten years in Basel he was forced to give up his chair.
Driven by his suffering and in search of climatic conditions better suited to his condition, Friedrich Nietzsche travelled far and wide and lived as a writer in Sils-Maria, Nice, Genoa, Turin and Rapallo, where he wrote the first part of his major work “Also Sprach Zarathustra” (Thus Spoke Zarathustra) in just ten days.
At the age of 44 he suffered a nervous breakdown and his mental illness took its course. For the rest of his life, he was in the care and under the guardianship of his mother, followed by his sister, until he died, totally deranged, at the age of 55. His rapidly gathering fame, which had already begun during his lifetime, was something of which he remained oblivious.
Tomas Smid, Lewisham NSW 2049, Australia
2. – 6.
Christina Ang Wan Xian, Singapore 578536
Laurent Cogez, CH-1814 La Tour de Peilz
Jose Antonio Z. Colet, Makati City, Philippines
Jari-Pekka Haverinen, 90810 Kiviniemi, Finland
Richard Wilkinson, Middlewich CW 10 9EZ, UK
7. – 10.
Lenka Auxtova, 83153 Bratislava, Slovakia
Wolfgang Schurr, D-89081 Ulm
Markus Url, A-8010 Graz
David J. Vargo, NJ 07712, USA
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